Yoga - A general perspective

In the current era of jet age, which can be also explained as the age of rat  race , age of lots of stress & tensions , I think one does not have any better solution than YOGA ! Although one may find this statement a bit inappropriate, but I feel it makes a lot of sense , because as a medical professional we do come across lots of patients who are having variety of diseases just because of their wrong lifestyles ! As a consultant in Ayurveda I do admit that most of the physical disorders have their origin in Mind & vice versa. Ayurveda do explain this very same relationship of Body & Mind in a very nice manner –

Tatra Roga Dwidha Smrita Sharirah Manasah cha I ”

That means diseases can be broadly classified into two – Physical Disorders & Mental Disorders.If your Body is not well , then it may get manifested in Mental disorders as well & if your Mind is not in a good healthy peaceful condition , then your body manifests several conditions leading to diseases. That means our Ancestors were aware of this very same ‘Psychsomatic Aspect of Disorder’ or of that of concept of ‘Body Mind Medicine’
Now the question that might arise in the minds of readers that why author should get involved in the discipline of Yogic Sciences! Since both Ayurveda & Yoga both are ancient sciences & more over both are not mere the branches of sciences but considered to be well known ‘Darshan Paddhati ’ meaning both of these branches tells us about the correct way of  living life . Another reason was with regards to learning of correct techniques of Asana , Pranayama  which would be an important tool while treating certain patients .A quest for identifying about ourselves - Koham  would also be partially fulfilled & would get a chance to know in a little depth regarding ‘Patanjal Muni’s Yogasutra’ were another few reasons to join this very same course , rather starting studying about Yoga a bit more seriously & systematically !

Introduction to Yoga

Yoga is a Sanskrit term derived from the basic Root value – ‘Yuj’ means to join.Yoga basically speaks about the union of body, mind & soul. In other word one may also say that yoga shows us the path of liberation from this birth & way towards unification to the ultimate supreme truth , ‘Brahman’ i.e. the way of attaining Samadhi or Kaivalya or Moksha .
Yoga teaches us how to identify ourselves in the right perspective .How to differentiate between Prakruti  ( the materialistic world around us including our own body, ego ) & Purusha ( the supreme reality – Brahman) .How to achieve the unification of Purush with Prakruti.

Patanjali Muni has defined Yoga in his Yogasutra as  -

“ Yogah Chittavrutihi Nirodha I ”

That means constraining of our Chittavruti (mental afflictions) is Yoga.

According to ‘Shrimad Bhagavatgeeta’ another definition of yoga has been advocated –

“Yogah samatvam utchayte”

All the things in moderation , in balanced way is termed as yog.

Yet another definition given by the same text is –

“Yogah Karmasu Kaushalam”

Yoga is another name for having excellence in our duties.
The references of Yoga can be sited way back in Vedic literatures. In particular in those of many Upanishadas there are cross references about Yoga,but the first authentic text on Yoga was compiled by Acharya Patanjali Muni. The first exponent / teacher of yoga was considered to be Hiranyagarbha Rishi.

Patanjali compiled all possible information about this discipline & put together in the forms of Sootras ( Aphorisms) in a very systematic , methodical & scientific way.He has written Yogasootra which comprises of 4 padas ( chapters) , such as –Samadhipada , Sadhanapada , Vibhutipada, Kaivalyapada . There are total 195 sootras in Patanjal Yogadarshan. It discusses basically a Rajayoga. It explains step by step how to reach towards path of liberation, Kaivalya through Ashtanga Yoga. Ashta meaning eight & anga means limbs , thus Ashanga Yoga means A system of Yoga with eight limbs or eight appendages. Here one need to keep in mind that these eight limbs are Not the Steps but limbs are to be practiced simultaneously & not in the stepwise manner.
These Eight angas are as follows –

1.Yama       3.Asana         5.Pratyahara  7.Dhyana
2.Niyama   4.Pranayam    6.Dharana      8.Samadhi

Limbs from Yama to Pranayama is termed to be Bahiranga Yoga , whereas Dharana to Samadhi is termed as Antaranga Yoga. Pratyahara acts as a bridge between these Bahiranga Yoga & Antaranga Yoga.
Yama is explained as the 1st anga in Ashtangayoga by Patanjali Muni .It is considered to be the do’s & don’t prescriptions for all of us. Which helps to maintain good morals , ethical values in the society. Yamas are discussed in five sub headings they are –

“Ahimsa Satya Asteya Brahmacharya Aparigrahah Yamah  I ”

Niyamas are ‘observance to be practiced for developing personal qualities’. These are in the form of self discipline. They are as follows –

“Shaucha santosha tapa swadhyaya Ishwarpranidhanani Niyamah I”

Asana Asanas are not merely an exercises but much beyond that, they are Psychosomatic posture

Pranayam is a controlled disciplined breathing.

Pratyahara is withdrawing of all sense organs inwards. In other words it teaches us about getting ourselves detached from the surroundings. It helps us to lead path towards Vairagya.

Dharana - It is nothing but focusing of mind on one or singular object.This object could be an external object as aum , jyoti , god idol etc .or internal object like Chakra, Anahat nada etc.

Dhyana – It means when our mind gets completely filled with the external object & can feel the oneness ( Ekatanata) with the obect of Dharana then it is termed as Dhyana.

Samadhi– When Sadhaka gets completely absorbed in the process of Dhyana, when he can not realize that he or she and the object are not two separable things then he or she is termed to be in a state of Samadhi or self realization.


  • Basic Orientation Programme on 'Ayurveda for Yoga Teachers & Yoga Therapists'.

    Dear Friends,
    After successfully completing course in Yoga Therapy & Naturopathy, don't we need to have some more inputs with specific reference to updating our knowledge regarding Yoga therapy? We at Dr. Aashish Phadke's AYURVISION, undertake special programme/workshops for 'Yoga Therapist' and 'Yoga Teachers' to have specific acept about Ayurveda with spcial reference to yogic practices.There is a need to understand about Ayurveda in a little greater detail so that we can understand the language of ancient Yogic Texts in a better way. Since Yoga also follows the language & principles of Ayurveda such as Tridosha, Agni, Swastha etc & about diseases such as Agnimandya, Grahani, Kasa , Shwasa etc.
    So if we know these concepts or terms then it will be a value addition to what you have already knew !
    So here is an opportunity to all Yoga Therapists & Yoga teacher to get themselves acquainted with
    Basic Orientation Programme on 'Ayurveda for Yoga Teachers & Yoga Therapists'.

    In this programmes we will be discusing about also Prakruti Analysis & on Ayurvedic Dietetics, which will be certainly be useful for understanding your patients body type & about thier right diet advice as per Ayurveda. Due importance will be also given to the areas like Swasthavritta, Dinacharya, Ritucharya etc & variation of Diet accordingly.
    The entire programme will be spread over to 8 sessions of one hour each , which may be extended up to maximum of one and half hour.


    Candidates attending this workshop will be given a certificate of attendance.

    Venue :
    Dr.Aashish Phadke's Ayurvision - Centre for Ayurveda & Panchakarma Therapy,
    F-15, Shopping Centre,
    Opp. Sagar Travel,
    Hanuman Mandir,
    Above New Bombay Hardware Stores,
    Sector 1 Market,
    Vashi , Navi Mumbai

    Day: Sundays

    There is an option of conducting these 8 sessions in two sunday ( 4 sessions each)
    For more details contact on Mobile: +919892698275 /Email: ayurinstitute@yahoo.com

    'Workshop on Evidence Based Holistic Yoga Therapy Intensive on- Musculoskeletal Diseases'

    There will be series of sessions only on the 'Musculoskeletal Diseases' - 
    Topics covered will be - 

    • Relevant Anatomy & Physiology.
    • Detailed possible  Etiological ( Causes)  factors.
    • Proper history taking of cases of 'Musculoskeletal Diseases'.
    • Changes that happens in the Yogic practices.
    • Studies undertaken on different conditions ( viz. Spondylosis, Arthritis, Slipped disc etc.) with special reference to Yoga Therapy - at various Schools / Institutes / Universities.
    • Do's & Don't.

    • All participants will be given 'Certificate of Attendance.'
    • It will be for two days sessions with 3 - 3.5 hrs each day.
    • Requirement of Min. 15 to Max. 25 participants.
    • Venue :
      Dr.Aashish Phadke's AYURVISION - Centre for Ayurveda & Panchakarma Therapy,
      F-15, Shopping Centre, Opp. Sagar Travel,
      Hanuman Mandir,
      Above New Bombay Hardware Stores,
      Sector 1 Market,
      Vashi , Navi Mumbai.
    • For more details contact on Mobile: +919892698275 /Email: ayurinstitute@yahoo.com

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